SFP ON NAGALAND-II: NABARD sees huge potential in breeding | MorungExpress
Kohima | February 11th
While the demand for meat, fish and dairy products is increasing, Nagaland does not produce all of these food products. The “State Focus Paper (SFP) 2022-2023 for Nagaland” recently released by NABARD predicted huge potential in the livestock sector.
Livestock sector development is inclusive and can result in a sustainable agricultural system in the state, said the SFP which is prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), Nagaland Regional Office , Dimapur.
Citing an example of a survey report conducted by the State Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services (AH&VS) in 2018-2019, the document further notes that Nagaland produces only 43.35% of the total requirements. in meat, milk and eggs worth Rs 1219.70 crore, leaving a shortfall of 56.65%.
The shortfall in monetary terms is equivalent to Rs 1986.87 crore, of which the state imported livestock products worth Rs 212.03 crore.
Accordingly, the SFP stated that the achievement of self-sufficiency in meat and value addition of milk have been identified as the axes of development of the livestock sector.
The SFP therefore advocated for the development of piggery, poultry and mithun for meat production and the infusion of superior dairy cattle genetic material for milk production to bridge the gap between demand and demand. supply of livestock products.
In the absence of any organized industry in the state, and given its enormous potential, the livestock sector alone can absorb much of the large number of unemployed, he added, while listing various opportunities in the sectors.
As an important livestock activity in the state, dairy farming could serve as a powerful tool for poverty alleviation in rural areas, which the SFP says has the potential to create many opportunities. in addition to improving the food security of milk-producing households.
The state only produced 74,000 tons of milk, leaving a deficit of 43,670,000 tons according to the 2018-19 survey. This presents significant opportunities for small producers engaged in dairy farming, he said.
The survey also indicated that milk availability per capita was 97.99 grams/head/day against a standard recommendation of 150 grams/head/day, he added.
The SFP thus stated that developing a viable dairy development strategy for smallholders is imperative to increase milk yield, generate more employment opportunities in the dairy value chain and improve labor productivity.
Considering the infrastructure available and likely to be made available and based on discussions with operational departments etc., the credit potential for the year 2022-23 is assessed at Rs 37.23 crore, a said the SFP.
The SFP observed that among the various poultry farming systems, backyard farming was the most popular in Nagaland, constituting 21.26 lakh poultry birds according to the 19th Livestock Census.
On the other hand, the total number of commercial poultry in the state is negligible – 16,302 laying hens and 33,533 broilers according to the livestock census, he said.
The SFP further noted that with the majority of the state’s population being predominantly non-vegetarian and preferring both eggs and meat, there is a vast gap between demand and local production.
This sector has immense potential to provide stable income to farmers and given the demand for poultry meat, the state government should focus on improving poultry infrastructure in the state, he said. added. It further assessed the credit projections for 2022-2023 for the poultry sector at Rs 33.65 crore.
Sheep, goat and piggery development
Despite vast opportunities and interests as the most important activity in the state as well as Nagaland having the 8th largest number of pigs in the country at 0.40 million according to the 20th Livestock Census, pig farming n has not flourished as a business in the due to several constraints, points out the SFP.
Constraints included shortage of quality piglets and unavailability of improved breeding boars, inbreeding due to repeated use of the same boar for an extended period, higher cost of natural breeding, among others.
Citing AH&VS records, he pointed out that the state produced 32.04 tons of meat, with Dimapur district contributing the highest share at 28% (9.02 thousand tons) of the total production.
The combined sheep and goat population (31,963) is less than a tenth of the state’s pig population.
Accordingly, estimating the credit potential for the sector at Rs 63.95 crore, the SFP called for the systematic development of the sector.
Meanwhile, the SFP has singled out fish farming as one of the promising businesses that could generate substantial income for farmers and become a major contributor to the state’s economy.
The state is endowed with approximately 1,16,500 ha of freshwater resources consisting of ponds/reservoirs, lakes/reservoirs and weirs/swamps, while there is a 1,600 km stretch of various river systems /streams to undertake inland capture fisheries, he advised.
However, only 9,326 hectares of water resources have been developed for fish farming, he added, referring to the 2019-20 annual administrative report of the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources.
Therefore, in 2020-21, out of a projected production of 9,049 MT of fish, 2,800 MT of fish requirements were met through imports, he said.
In this regard, the SFP pointed out that fish farming or fish farming could be an important socio-economic activity that can be undertaken by rural households as people are traditionally engaged in rearing small livestock.
Systematic use of these natural resources can help increase fish production, he said.
Farmers can be motivated to develop low-cost farming systems through the integration of fish farming with crops and livestock, which could become an effective alternative to increase fish production, he added. The projected credit potential in the fisheries sector for the year 2022-23 has been assessed at Rs 12.32 crore.