Prime Minister of Gomel Oblast to review progress of harvesting campaign and status of animal husbandry
ROGACHEV DISTRICT, Aug. 19 (BelTA) — Belarusian Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko is in Gomel Oblast on a work trip. The progress of the harvest campaign and the inventory of the breeding sector are on the program of the trip, learned BelTA.
The first location on the Prime Minister’s route was the SUP Zabolotye-2010 agricultural enterprise in the Zapolye agro-city. Roman Golovchenko visited a field belonging to the company, got acquainted with the progress of the harvest campaign in the oblast and the district, and visited a dairy farm housing 600 heads of cattle. The dairy farm was commissioned in 2019 and provides only top quality products. There are a total of 767 livestock facilities and 194 agricultural enterprises in the region. The number of agricultural enterprises will be reduced to about 160 by the end of the year as the small ones will be merged with the larger ones.
No fewer than 17 agricultural enterprises operate in the Rogachev district, and SUP Zabolotye-2010 is one of the largest. The enterprise is located in the area designated for the supply of raw materials to the Rogachev Milk Cannery and has appropriate support from the plant. Farm workers led by a young manager are determined to deliver results, which are achieved through labor discipline and decent labor compensation. The average salary is 1,200 br while the number of workers is close to 400 people.
There are six dairy farms and three commercial farms in Zabolotye, with 2,850 cows in the dairy herd. Almost 47 tons of milk are produced daily (102% compared to last year) for Rogachev Milk Canning Factory. Premium milk represents 80% of production while premium milk represents 20%. Most milk is used to make baby food. The farming business also specializes in making beef and earns about Br300,000 a month just from selling meat. Calves are fattened to the specified market weight and slaughtered at the Zhlobin Meat Processing and Packing Plant.
The management of SUP Zabolotye-2010 is convinced that the high quality of meat products can be achieved primarily through proper nutrition. The company workers harvest the fodder themselves. For example, the company is about to start harvesting corn for silage. SUP Zabolotye-2010 Executive Director Maksim Bekhtin said: “There is no problem with the availability of fodder. Nearly 18,000 tons of haylage have been stored to date, more than 100% compared to last year. However, we continue to work and are already mowing the third grass, preparing the haylage. »
The area to be harvested was almost 31,000 hectares in the Rogachev district this year. The figure includes spring and winter cereals without buckwheat and millet. To date, over 80% of the area has been processed, with over 52,000 tonnes of grain produced. The average yield stands at 24 cents per hectare, or 2.3 cents per hectare compared to 2021. Rogachev district started sowing winter barley this year, with 842 hectares of land sown with this culture. Local farmers get a return of 31 cents per hectare (even 39 cents per hectare in some agricultural enterprises). The result is above average. This year, the winter barley area will be increased by almost 70% to reach 3,500 hectares.
Progress in the execution of government contracts has already reached 70%, with 93% of the malting barley the state needs already delivered. So far, three agricultural enterprises have completed the grain harvesting campaign, including SUP Zabolotye-2010, which is supposed to complete it today. The gross harvest of grain amounts to 9,500 tons, with an average yield in the agricultural enterprise of 30 cents per hectare, 2.8 cents per hectare from 2021. The total area of agricultural land of SUP Zabolotye-2010 amounts to 11,000 ha, including 8,000 ha of arable land. ground.
Gomel oblast is expected to harvest about 830,000 tons of grain this year, up from nearly 790,000 tons in 2021. So far, about 80 percent of the targeted area has been processed, with an average yield of 24.2 cents per hectare. Weather permitting, the harvest campaign will be over within a week. This year’s results have demonstrated that crop structure must change. For example, the area under winter barley will increase from 6,200 ha in 2022 to 39,000 ha in 2023. By the way, the yield of winter barley was 35 cents per hectare (as comparison, the yield of spring barley is 21 cents per hectare). The total area devoted to winter crops will increase from 300,000 ha to 360,000 ha. In turn, acreage devoted to spring oats and barley will be reduced.
According to the chairman of the executive committee of Gomel oblast, Ivan Krupko, agriculture can work and produce good results. It’s important to keep up with technology and have good weather. The region has faced rainless weather for the past five years. It had an effect on agriculture and livestock, with a drop in milk and meat production. It takes a long time to stabilize the situation afterwards. Another important factor for agriculture is experienced personnel, who understand the breeding strategy and the peculiarities of breeding. The administration of Gomel Oblast focuses on young people, who are trained and provided with all kinds of assistance, including financial aid and housing.