The second segment of the two-part series of the Agriculture Industry Bazaar episode focuses on farming. The first part of this edition explored knowledge-based potato production in agriculture and how technology has helped develop this sector. In a nutshell, 2019 was a golden time for red meat production in the country. Since then, production has increased every year, mainly due to the lifting of an export ban.
Three years ago, Iran imported large quantities of meat to meet domestic needs while domestic meat production was operating at full capacity. The ban was put in place to stabilize the market and support local production. The National Assembly of Cattle Exporters of Iran estimates the national red meat requirement at around 60 million head of light cattle per year. Last year, that number was 72 million, which is well above the average. This meant that 12 million head of light cattle were ready for slaughter and export. But not all animals are raised for meat. They are also bred for their milk. According to the Statistical Center of Iran, the country produces nearly 9 million tons of raw milk every year. Seventy percent of this amount is produced on factory farms and the rest comes from traditional dairy farms. According to figures from the Iranian Customs Administration, on average, about 800,000 tons of raw milk are exported each year, worth about $800 million.