Livestock industry


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Livestock is one of the earliest industries known to mankind. In Iran, this industry dates back centuries. animal husbandry is considered part of the agricultural sector because many of its activities are linked to agriculture and food production. Iran is one of the main consumers of red meat in the West Asian region. Lamb is the most popular red meat, followed by beef, followed by goat. The per capita consumption of red meat for Iranians is around 12.5 kilograms according to the Ministry of Agriculture. Iran’s Ministry of Agriculture estimates that domestic demand is around 900,000 tonnes of red meat per year. it was then that the country’s annual production amounted to around 880,000 tonnes of red meat. The government therefore imports some 30,000 tonnes to meet domestic demand. In 2019, the government banned meat exports and began importing large amounts of meat in order to meet the country’s internal needs. This measure was put in place to help strengthen national meat production. Iran overproduced red meat last year. The National Assembly of Iranian Cattle Exporters estimates Iran’s domestic needs at around 60 million head of light cattle each year. But currently, that number exceeds the average by more than 12 million. Excessive imports amid rising domestic production along with the huge drop in consumption due to the coronavirus outbreak created a surplus. Industry participants are calling on the government to lift the export ban to correct the supply imbalance and avoid losses. According to figures from the Statistical Center of Iran, there are more than 1.3 million livestock farms spread across the country. 54 percent of them keep small livestock and 26 percent are engaged in raising large livestock. The remaining 20 percent keep both large and small livestock. Industry participants have always strived to follow world science and technology standards to meet demands. And, Iran has the potential to be a major red meat and poultry export hub in the region, regardless of unfair sanctions imposed by the United States.

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