Improving breeding – The Hindu
Revised programs will improve productivity and traceability standards for Indian livestock
Livestock farming in India has been largely disorganized, resulting in gaps in upstream and downstream integration of the value chain. Such a scenario impacts the quality of livestock produced and in turn negatively impacts the return on investment for pastoralists. About 200 million Indians are involved in animal husbandry, of which about 100 million are dairy farmers. About 80% of the country’s cattle have low productivity and are raised by small, marginal farmers. To improve livestock productivity, the Rashtriya Gokul mission was launched in 2014 with a focus on genetic improvement of the cattle population through widespread initiatives on artificial insemination, sex sorted semen and in vitro fertilization.
The revised version of the Rashtriya Gokul mission and the National Livestock Mission (NLM) proposes to focus on the development of entrepreneurship and improvement of breeds of cattle, buffaloes, poultry, sheep, of goats and pigs by offering incentives to individual entrepreneurs, agricultural producer organizations, farmers, cooperatives, joint responsibility groups, self-help groups, section 8 companies for entrepreneurship development and state governments for breed improvement infrastructure.
The breed multiplication farm component of the Rashtriya Gokul mission will provide a capital grant of up to 200 lakh for the establishment of a breeding farm with at least 200 dairy cows / buffaloes using the latest breeding technologies. . The contractor will be responsible for the arrangement and would be able to sell at least 116 elite female calves each year from this farm starting in the third year. The entrepreneur will also begin to generate income through the sale of 15 kg of milk per animal per day for around 180 animals in the first year. This breeding farm will be in equilibrium from the first year of the project after induction of milk in the animals. In addition, the strategy of encouraging the multiplication of breeds will result in the employment of farmers of 1 lakh.
Local initiatives in this area will be further amplified by web applications like e-Gopala which provide real-time information to breeders on the availability of disease-free genetic material in the centers concerned, veterinary care, etc.
NLM’s poultry entrepreneurship program will provide a capital grant of up to 25 lakh for the establishment of a mother farm with a breeding capacity of 1000 chicks. According to this model, the hatchery should produce at least 500 eggs per day, followed by the birth of chicks which in turn are reared for four weeks. Afterwards, the chicks can be supplied to local farmers for breeding. According to this model, the rural entrepreneur who runs the hatchery will provide chicks to the farmers. An entrepreneur will be able to break even within 18 months of starting the business. This should provide jobs for at least 14 lakhs.
In the context of sheep and goat entrepreneurship, there is a capital grant of 50% up to 50 lakh. An entrepreneur according to this model has to set up a breeding farm, develop the whole chain and eventually sell the animals to farmers or on the open market. Each entrepreneur can receive assistance for a breeding farm with 500 goats / ewes and 25 high genetic value goats / rams from central government / state university farms. This model is expected to generate a net profit of over 33 lakh for the entrepreneur per year.
For the pigsty, NLM will provide a 50% capital grant of up to 30 lakh. Each entrepreneur will be assisted in setting up breeding farms with 100 sows and 10 boars, which are expected to produce 2,400 piglets per year. A new batch of piglets will be ready for sale every six months. This model is expected to generate a profit of 1.37 crore after 16 months and 1.5 lakh of employment. The revised NLM scheme coupled with the Rashtriya Gokul mission and the Livestock Infrastructure Development Fund has the potential to dramatically improve the productivity and traceability standards of our livestock.
Atul Chaturvedi is Secretary, Ministry of Livestock and Dairy Production