Breeding options for Nagaland | Morung Express

Dr N Mhonchan Shitiri

The demand for protein of animal origin exceeds the demand for carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables and all other food products gathered in Nagaland, which is vice versa in the rest of the country.

In economic jargon, when there is an imbalance in the supply and demand chain, it is referred to as inflation, which means you spend more money but your needs are less. This is what happens in Nagaland – a kilo of skinned beef is now Rs 300 in Dimapur and a castrated chevon (khaasi) in Kohima is Rs 700 or more equivalent to an ounce of silver.

So to have some level of balance between supply and demand for meat, milk, eggs, we need to harness ourselves by reinventing our native livestock and poultry genetic resources and raising them in sync with the breeds. exotics that we have almost lost. Climate change impacts all spheres of life and animal husbandry is no exception and to alleviate this problem, today’s livestock operations must be climate resilient and environmentally friendly.

For the Nagas, raising cattle and backyard birds is a centuries-old tradition and we literally live with our pets. Besides its dirt and the germination of other health risks from their feces, urine, feces, etc., the emission of gases like methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide through their belching, burping, pets contribute significantly to greenhouse gases. To this end, our native animals and birds are more respectful of greenhouse gas emissions.

Suggestions for farming options that are resilient and adaptable to climate change;

1. Native pig – Our native pigs are known and called by different names by different tribes, but are registered as the Tenyi-vo breed. It is now largely high in the districts of Phek and Kohima. It is adaptable and resilient to our changing climatic conditions and can grow with minimal inputs and can survive with simple housing and management. The end result is that the meat is tender, lean, and delicious.

2. Native cattle – Our native cattle are also known and called by different names by different tribes, but are registered as Thutho as a separate breed. Again, it is largely high in the Phek and Kohima districts. For the protection of agricultural and horticultural crops, it is kept by a shepherd selected by the villagers on a community system (Khuti). The meat is not only tender and delicious, but their urine, feces and fodder enrich the soil and thus the milk also contains all the essential vitamins, trace elements and therefore appetizing for children, the infirm and convalescents.

3. Goat – Mahatma Gandhi described the goat as a “poor man’s cow” because herding goats is a great economic support for a large part of the population in rural areas and it gives the same advantages as the cow except in quantity and in volume. They can graze any grass and graze weeds, brush, shrubs and woody perennials and can survive in harsh environment and poor quality land with less affliction and disease. The meat chevon is very tender, lean, and the milk is easily digestible because the fat globules are small – good for children, the elderly and the infirm. 5-10 goats can be easily managed by a single household with good yields.

4. Sheep – A sheep because of its docile is nicknamed the sheep of Judas because it will follow the goat of Judas until slaughter while the goat is spared. Sheep are hardy animals and can adapt to all agro-climatic conditions. Mutton is synonymous with different cuisines of the world eaten without any prejudice, and fleece is expensive wool. A shepherd can flock dozens of sheep without too many recurring inputs.

5. Ox – Pasture-fed buffalo meat is known as red beef or carabeef and is eaten for its vigor and strength. Low areas with oases like Baghty, Jaluki, Meluri, Tuli are very suitable for buffalo breeding. They are raised for meat, milk and for milking purposes like plowing, logging, transportation, etc. Buffalo milk has the highest fat content so it is used to make skim milk, ghee, butter, dahi, yogurt et al.

6. Desi Poultry – Our desi rooster not only crows and wakes us up in the morning, but also provides us with good, textured and nutritious meat as it feeds on whatever is in the ground with little grain. Unlike broilers and kruilors, a hen can lay and hatch her own chicks and this natural brooding quality of our desi poultry is an economic benefit for our breeders. They can survive and maintain in wild jungle conditions with good resistance and can be bred with low tech birds like kruilor.

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