Animal, sheep farming and related industries get big boost in J&K transformation budget
Srinagar, March 29: Livestock is one of the booming sectors that has established its importance in the growth and development of the rural economy over the years.
The sector not only supplements farmers’ incomes but also provides gainful employment in addition to meeting the vital and varied nutritional needs of the individual. Since most of the rural population is involved in cattle and buffalo herding, the government is committed to fostering the growth of cattle and dairy farmers.
The 2022-23 budget announcements have quite a transformational approach and the increase in allocations will benefit farmers in Jammu and Kashmir.
The recently announced 2022-2023 budget for J&K contains a set of opportunities for further growth and development of each sector and the administration of animals, sheep and fisheries has also been targeted for a big boost.
The government has allocated a huge amount of Rs 391.90 crore to the animal husbandry, sheep and fisheries sector which will help transform the rural economy of Jammu and Kashmir.
In an effort to tap into the related agriculture and food processing sectors under the Integrated Dairy Development (IDDS) program, the budget placed particular emphasis on this important secondary source of income for millions of families. rural areas, in addition to providing employment and income-generating opportunities.
Similarly, in a major push into the livestock sector, 2,000 dairy units will be created, creating direct employment for around 5,000 people in 2022-23. Private entrepreneurs will also benefit from extensive support in the form of bulk milk coolers, milk processing/paneer making machines, marketing facilities including milk vending machines and milk transport vans , milking machines and dairy farm waste management, with a focus on women entrepreneurs and other reserved categories. beneficiaries as well.
Increasing the production of quality milk from cattle and buffaloes is another priority targeted area in the budget. The artificial insemination service will be provided free of charge at the farmer’s doorstep to 4.60 lakh of dairy cows/buffaloes suitable for breeding by performing about 13 lakh of artificial inseminations.
In a major effort to make Jammu and Kashmir self-sufficient in milk production, the annual milk production of J&K is expected to increase from 2505 thousand metric tons to 2800 thousand metric tons in 2022-23 and sufficient interventions have been incorporated into the budget.
To boost livestock activity under the Integrating Sheep Development Scheme, approximately 1,200 sheep/goat units are to be established at J&K, which in turn will create employment opportunities for approximately 2,400 people. With the aim of promoting the establishment of sheep and goat units in the territory of the Union, 200 elite crossbred imported merino sheep will be introduced for the genetic upgrading of local sheep for the production of more than 8 000 elite lambs. This will lead to an increase in carcass yield from 18 kg to 21 kg in addition to increasing fine wool production from 2 kg to 2.5 kg per sheep.
Considering the importance of veterinary health care for livestock growth, 44 proposed mobile veterinary clinics are to be operational to provide veterinary health care and home-based animal husbandry services. About 78 lakh of cattle and 5 crore of poultry will be vaccinated against different scheduled animal diseases.
With conducive agro-climatic conditions and easy availability of technical inputs, Jammu-Kashmir offers immense potential for the development of the poultry sector. The last two and a half decades have witnessed phenomenal vertical and horizontal growth in poultry and large numbers of educated unemployed youth have adopted poultry farming as their main means of occupation.
Keeping these in mind, the budget will also encourage local entrepreneurs by providing a 50% grant for starting a new poultry farm as well as insurance for poultry, purchase of farm equipment/machinery poultry farms, poultry processing equipment, rendering units and poultry transport vehicles. In addition, 35,000 backyard poultry farms are expected to be established in 2022-2023.
The budget will also play a major role in improving the quality of livestock feed and fodder; this will in turn increase the productivity of cattle and livestock. Under the integrated fodder development programme, fodder cultivation will be encouraged through the establishment of fodder demonstration plots, the distribution of mini-seed kits of improved fodder, the mechanization of fodder and the establishment of livestock feed mills/silage mills/fodder block making machines and hydroponic fodder production.
Regarding the fishing announcement, fish production will increase from 24,000 metric tons to 33,000 metric tons, as well as the doubling of trout production from 1,400 metric tons to 2,800 metric tons in 2022- 23, emphasizing the preservation and conservation of the biodiversity of water bodies.
The department is also considering the introduction of the latest technological interventions such as the Biofloc and Recirculating Aquaculture systems for the establishment of intensive fish farming units.
The department will also intensify its efforts to make trout accessible to consumers throughout the country and outside to ensure greater value and emphasis will also be placed on the establishment of processing and packaging units of the fish in J&K.
The budget also provided for the provision of subsidized air freight to push trout exports to various cities and countries in the Middle East under the PARVAZ program, which is a market linkage support program launched primarily for shipping. of perishable products by air freight. The administration also aims to launch mass awareness campaigns with an emphasis on branding trout and promoting its export.
In addition to all this, special attention was given to sericulture in the budget. As per the budget announcement, 2 Cocoon Auction Markets will be constructed for establishment of marketing facilities with a provision of Rs 86.13 lakh. To promote sericulture in UT, 400 farmers will be provided with breeding devices to assist in breeding to increase cocoon yield with a provision of Rs 1 crore. 5 silkworm seed units and breeding centers in Chawki for the production of quality silkworm seed will be upgraded for which 1.89 crore has been kept in this budget.
Government ambition and the expectations of ordinary people must be met consistently through improved productivity coupled with cost reduction, price realization and political support. Income from a single crop or product will not achieve the goal of doubling farmers’ income, but must be emulated from farm and non-farm sources. Business diversification that yields better (region-specific) compensation should be the ideal strategy and the recently announced 2022-23 budget contains these ingredients to diversify and revolutionize J&K’s rural economy.