All about animal husbandry; Types and Benefits

All about animal husbandry; Types and Benefits

Livestock is a part of agriculture that involves raising, breeding, and rearing animals for meat, fiber, eggs, milk, and other food items. It is the practice of managing and caring for animals with the aim of improving their genetic characteristics and behavior for profit. A large number of farmers depend on livestock as a source of income.

Animals provide us with a wide range of nutrient-dense food products. Therefore, they need good care and attention.

Meat producing animals include chickens, ducks, oxen, goats, pigs and others. We also have alternative sources of nutrients, which include marine species, in addition to these pets. The nutrients in the seafood we eat are quite rich. They include a wide range of nutrients, including fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

The Animal Husbandry Department oversees animal care, husbandry, administration, etc. Animal husbandry is a huge poultry industry, dairy farms, beekeeping, aquaculture, etc. are some of them.

Types of breeding

Below we have mentioned different types of breeding;

dairy farming

Dairy farming is an agricultural approach that involves the long-term production of milk, which is then processed to produce dairy products such as curds, cheese, yogurt, butter, cream, and other dairy products. This also includes caring for dairy animals such as cows, buffaloes, sheep, and goats, among others. The animals are protected against diseases and regularly evaluated by veterinarians.

Poultry farming

Poultry farming is involved in the commercial breeding and breeding of birds. Ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeons, chickens and other domestic birds are raised for meat and eggs.

To receive nutritious food from animals, it is essential to care for them and keep them in a disease-free environment. Eggs and meat are rich sources of protein.


Fish farming is the technique of commercially rearing fish in controlled tanks or ponds. Currently, fish and fish protein are in great demand. Fish farmers typically farm salmon, catfish, cod, and tilapia, among other species.


Beekeeping, also known as beekeeping, is the practice of humans keeping colonies of bees in artificial hives. Honey bees are mass produced in large quantities. Bees were tamed for the pollination of honey, wax and flowers. Other beekeepers also use them for the same purposes. An apiary, often referred to as an apiary, is a facility where bees are kept.

Benefits of Breeding

  • Animal husbandry assists in the proper management of domestic animals by providing adequate food, shelter, and protection from disease.

  • It creates jobs for a large number of farmers, thus improving their living conditions.

  • By crossbreeding, it contributes to the development of high-yield animal breeds. This stimulates the production of a variety of foods like milk, eggs, and meat.

  • This involves proper disposal of animal waste and supports a healthy environment.

  • This involves the proper disposal of animal waste and promotes a healthy environment.

First published: June 15, 2022, 02:22 IST

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